Overview


In the field of women’s rights:



Provision of free legal aid (counselling, mediation, paralegal services and court representation)



Capacity building training for law implementers on the Domestic Violence Act, and other women’ rights enactments (anti-trafficking law, property law, divorce, citizenship rights, political rights, constitution etc.)


Community awareness programs on women’s rights, gender and women empowerment


Publication of awareness raising material on women’s rights for grassroots level and law implementers


Advocacy and lobbying for the enactment, implementation and amendment of women’s rights related laws and policies


Media programs on trafficking in women, gender based violence and political rights and participation of women


Bar exam preparation classes and young lawyers trainings with special regard to women’s and children’s rights and empowerment of females lawyers


Gender sensitization of judicial and quasi-judicial bodies and police



Trainings on political rights and leadership skills for women






In the field of child rights:





Provision of free legal aid (counselling, mediation and court representation)


Capacity building training for judiciary and police on juvenile justice



Advocacy and lobbying for the proper implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and national child rights legislation



Community awareness programs on children’s rights (child labour, children at risk, physical and sexual violence against children, juvenile delinquency, right to participation, etc).



Rescuing of children from exploitative work 



Scholarship program for children affected by domestic violence (LACC Trust Fund).



Juvenile to Justice



 





Back to Top Children Justice Center (CJC)


LACC  established its Children Justice Center (CJC) in Kathmandu in November 1998 in order to address issues related to child rights because child issues like: labor exploitation, sexual  abuse and domestic violence against children are thriving in Nepal despite  national and international commitments.



The CJC provides free legal aid,  counseling and court representation to young victims of sexual abuse,  exploitation, trafficking and forced child labor to secure justice for the  children through court proceedings. LACC has started CJC in eight districts: Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur,  Chitwan, Makwanpur, Kanchanpur, Jhapa, and Kaski that involes in rescuing children from forced child labour.





Back to Top Advocacy


Street drama/Role play/Mobile van (documentary) show


LACC organizes street drama, role play and mobile van (documentary) show based on appropriate contexts and topics that aim to raise awareness among the targeted audiences. It mainly focus on the information that needs to be disseminated among the public. Through its medium, public are taken to the main concern and concept of the issue; thus, they are sensitised on issues such as domestic violence, child right, information about legal remedies, property/inheritance right, citizenship right and so on.

Outreach Programs and Mobile Legal Clinics:

LACC conducts outreach programs and 'mobile legal clinics' identifying the most vulnerable place where the incident of SGBV cases frequently occurs and the most of the time cases are unreported. People from such area are unaware of the legal process and procedure to get their cases reported. Outreach programs and mobile legal clinics target such communities and conduct mobile clinics which is a combination of awareness raising and instant service delivery package. It provides a platform for the disenfranchised and backwarded communities in the rural areas. Also we can mention it as a service at their door step to access justice'.

Ensuring women's meaningful participation and representation

The Constitution of Nepal 2072 provided 33% reservation for women candidates in every development mechanism of nation. These provisions have paved way for women in Nepal to reach at least the minimum level in the decision-making process. Thus, women have been elevated to a position that commands power and authority. Consequently, they can now decide on critical issues affecting women. This has been a very encouraging move on the government's part, setting a new trend for advancement of women. LACC in this regard, advocate the government to implement and ensure the women's representation and participation in the decision-making level and every structure of state mechanism. 

Promoting women's role in peace building process

In this post conflict situation, LACC has been working for sustaining peace in the country. LACC Interacts with peace committee at district and grass root level and works for capacitating the women members of these committee. Since, women's role in peace process at national level is insignificant, thus, LACC advocates for women's participation in peace building process at national level. LACC has conducted various workshops and sensitization programmes for policy level and implementing agencies at different districts of Nepal regarding implementation of National Action Plan on UNSCR's 1325 and 1820. At grass root level, LACC organizes awareness raising programme to local level community, women's groups and youth groups

Combating Human trafficking and Safe Migration

LACC works for combating human trafficking through various initiatives. In the policy, level it advocates and lobby for proper implementation of National Action Plan on Combating Human trafficking. In the recent days, migrations both internally and externally are being medium for human trafficking. Thus, LACC advocates for safe migration and works to minimize the risk of trafficking through mobilizing trained networks, strengthening their capacity, raising awareness and providing paralegal services to the survivors of human trafficking. LACC has a wide array of referral networks through which, the survivors are provided various basic services.

Legislative Drafting and Advocacy for policy change

As part of its commitment to protect and promote the rights of women and children, LACC work for legislative reforms and formation of new public policies. It pursues this aim through direct involvement in the legislative drafting process: providing legal input, guidance and recommendations for lawmakers, as well as through advocacy activities. LACC lobbies members of parliament, public policy advisors and government representatives to enact relevant gender friendly draft bills, abolish discriminatory laws, and meet its obligations under the international human rights instruments to which the Nepalese Government is a signatory.

Developing human resources through capacity building

As a component to sensitising and capacity building, for different groups of people, LACC has been organising time and context appropriate trainings, workshops/ seminars and gender sensitisation/awareness raising programs.

Advocacy/ Dialogue/ Workshops /Seminar are held by LACC on the following:

  • Amendment of discriminatory laws and enactment of gender friendly laws
  • Advocacy through filing PIL cases regarding various women issue
  • Gender Sensitisation workshops
  • Humanitarian Law
  • Improving women’s access to justice and judicial system
  • Review on existing and amended law
  • Millennium Development Goals
  • Status of women survivor and protection and promotion of their rights
  • Implementation of NAP on UNSCR's 1325 and 1820
  • Necessity of 'Fast Track Courts
  • Dialogue on Implementation of 'Continuous HearingsStrengthening women's participation in government and political structure
  • Advocacy on role of CA members for ensuring women's right on upcoming Constitution
  • Role of local authorities to increase access to justice and on various right related issues


Sensitizing/ Raising awareness

LACC has used different strategies to reach out to the concerned stakeholders to sensitize and raise awareness. It conducts various workshops and seminars to reach out to the high-level authorities concerning policies, laws and challenges on women's issue. In the community level, awareness raising programmes, and various outreach programmes are conducted.

Awareness Raising/Sensitisation Programs are organized by LACC on following:

 

  1. Legal and human rights of women and children
  2. SGBV issues and Gender sensitisation
  3. Millennium Development Goals
  4. Constituent Assembly
  5. Role of women in Peace building process/Conflict management
  6. Leadership and skill development of women in politics
  7. Women's participation /representation in every structure of state's mechanism
  8. Right to identity (Citizenship by mother's name)
  9. Combating Human trafficking
  10. Mock Trail 





LACC's Chairperson- Associate Professor Shashi Adhikary is awarded with the 'N-Peace Award, 2013' as the 'Role model for peace' for her enduring contribution to maintain peace through her service to women and children in need.












Back to Top Training programmes for capacity building and empowerment

In 2009 Nepal passed the new Domestic Violence Act (DVA) with many new laws and regulations in favor of female victims. This Act also bears new responsibilities for law implementers all over Nepal, of which they are mostly unaware. LACC has started early on to train law implementers like Police, Public Administration & Court staff on the new law, its regulations and the consequences. 

The new DVA brought some important and necessary changes in the law and the way domestic violence (DV) cases have been handled in the past: Restriction order for perpetrator, no court fees, compensation for victims, perpetrator can be expelled from home, case can be filed by anybody not only the victim, government has to offer shelter to victim. Now victims can choose different government institutions for seeking help (Police, VDC/Municipality, and National Women’s Commission) and can ask for mediation or proper referral to other service providers.

LACC uses its own material during the training: A manual written by a LACC lawyer on the DVA, another on Mediation tools and materials such as posters and flyers for the respective target groups to be distributed by the participants

Empowering women through leadership development

LACC has been working for empowering women for their better performance and their role is meaningfully justified. It is therefore imperative to expand the base of their knowledge and competence on women’s rights, gender justice, and local development and the existing legal provisions and new amended laws. Only through such training and awareness programs, we can help these women leaders to be competent, develop leadership skills and come in par with their male counterparts so that they can influence the deliberations and decisions for securing maximum benefits for women and in favor of gender justice.

So far the LACC staff has conducted trainings for law implementers in Japha, Danusha, Surkhet, Kanchanpur and Lalitpur. The focus groups have been administration officers from VDCs and Municipalities, with Women Cell Police Officers and representatives of women’s groups present.


To assure the high quality of the trainings, LACC hands out a participant’s evaluation form and conducts pre- and post-tests.

Outlook: To improve the training package in order to achieve better impacts (example, improvement of law implementer’s service quality) LACC is also planning on offering a module on gender-sensitization for the participants. Next steps will be to conduct follow-up trainings for the participants of the original trainings and additionally concentrate on the group of judges, lawyers and court staff.

Trainings conducted by LACC are listed below:

  • Clinical Legal Education Training for women law graduate
  • Leadership Skill Development Training
  • Community Mediation Training
  • Bar Exam Preparatory Training
  • Entrance Training for Judiciary Service
  • Life Skill Development Training on Conflict Management
  • Training for Counsellor’s –Advocate level
  • Training on legal advocacy
  • Training on women’s and children’s right
  • Training on UNSCR's 1325 & 1820
  • Training on advocacy strategy planning
  • Training on leadership and skill development
  • Training on safe migration and combating human trafficking
  • Political awareness from gender perspective
  • Training on human rights, gender and common principle for informal justice actors




Back to Top Legal Research and Publication of LACC

LACC believes that legal research, survey, data collection and baseline study are crucial means of understanding the situation of women and children in Nepal. Such information serves as an important indicator of what needs to be done in this transitional phase in Nepal regarding safeguarding of human rights in this changing social and legal realm. LACC publishes legal journals and academic books targeting law students, scholars academicians. Such publication encloses articles from experts on various issues concerning legal rights, challenges and their status on implementing phase.For grassroots level, LACC prepares and publishes leaflets containing information about issues such as child labour, child abuse and exploitation, domestic violence, women's rights, marriage, polygamy, women's property rights, battering, abortion, Human trafficking, Domestic Violence Act and many more . LACC has also published ' Let's know Law by ourselves ' targeting women's and children's right; which is published in very simple language. Posters on various topics are published for people who are illiterate. The main motive behind all the publication is to raise level of awareness on the consequences of violation of women's and child's right. For understanding any issues pertaining to the status of women affected from violence and conflict and to assess the status of the right holders is important for designing any project . In this respect, research and review of relevant issues are the crucial means.





Back to Top Addressing SGBV Through Various Initiatives




Writ Petition:



A writ petition is essentially a court petition for extraordinary review, asking to intervene in certain issue and to institute legal remedy or legal relief. There are many laws which contradict with the provision of constitution and sometimes the fundamental right is violated , and even more sometimes the law does not cover the issue of public interest. In such cases, LACC files writ petition in the Courts on behalf of victim survivor.



Rescue:


LACC has formed an ' immediate rescue committee' which gets active when there is an immediate need to intervene some cases at any part of the country. When incidents of extreme violation of human rights occurs and when it is reported or informed to LACC, the team visit the place and rescue the survivor of violence. Human rights violated cases regarding race, ethnicity, witchcraft, child marriage, sexual aasult, murder and physical violence are mostly reported to LACC. After rescuing the victim, necessary services are provided to survivor.


Scholarship:


In 2001, LACC initiated its ‘Education Scholarship' targeting children of women suffering from SGBV cases and child survivor from various forms of violence. LACC provide such children with access to education, who are surviving in economic crisis. By enabling these children to complete higher secondary level, LACC hopes to provide them with greater employment opportunities and a better livelihood in future.





Back to Top Women's Rights Helpline Project (WRHL)

Strengthening Access to Justice for poor and marginalized women (Women's Rights Helpline ("WRHP")

LACC's service of free legal aid to women is provided through its nine helpline centers in districts of Jhapa, Dhanusha, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Kaski, Banke, Surkhet and Kanchanpur. The free legal aid service contains legal counseling, mediation services, paralegal support and legal representation at various courts. The Helpline directly provides legal advice to all clients and telephone callers. Depending on the seriousness of the cases survivors of sexual domestic violence are referred to the wide array of supportive services provided by the GO’s and NGO’s. Emergency services such as psychosocial counseling, medical treatment and shelter support are also offered to needy women. If a client faces extreme financial difficulties then financial assistance is also provided to precede the cases at courts.

The Helpline attorneys provide legal information and counseling to the advice seeking female callers. After the initial contact, an appointment at the LACC office is made where the clients have access to free legal aid, counseling, mediation and court representation. The target group and clients of the Helpline are poor women who have become victims of violence, assualt, sexual exploitation, abuse, domestic violence, social and religious oppression, polygamy, bigamy, battering and forced divorce.

The WRHP has been supported by various donors over the last years: DANIDA/HUGOU, ARD/USAID, SARI/Q, OSI and DED. Due to their support LACC has been able to provide the Helpline services continuously from 1987 to till date.

Achievements:

  • From 2005 to 2008 the WRHP serviced 5137 women
  • From 2009 to April 2014, LACC has serviced 6427 women
  • Financial assistance was provided to 1444 poor women
  • Information material and brochures were made available for the client

Quality Management:

  • Creation of specialized sections (criminal law, civil law, children’s cases and psycho-social counseling) to assure a constant high service quality. In addition the attorneys receive extra trainings to further specialize and excel in their field.
  • Introduction of an outcome oriented impact chain with special focus on monitoring.
  • In a Follow-up study on closed cases 32 out of 55 former LACC clients reported that their situation after the verdict improved significantly.




Back to Top Media Campaign


LACC’s nationwide Radio Program WAKALAT (Advocacy) on trafficking of women and children has been running very successfully since 2009. In the upcoming year LACC will also broadcast issues on domestic violence.

The Radio Program Wakalat, funded by the Asia Foundation (TAF), transmitted since July 2009 a weekly nation-wide radio program on trafficking is aired on Radio Nepal (every Monday at 7.30 after the news). The program gives its listeners detail insight and information about the topic of trafficking of women and children and  thier related issues. It is run on the bais of  topic related to newspaper cuttings, interviews with activists, NGO’s, Police, Lawyers, Victims, Doctors, facilitates group discussions, reports on rallies and workshops, gives information on laws and regulations, national action plans and publications available. 

Most of the women and children are the victims of domestic violence and they are deprived from their rights and they also do not have access to justice and other legal facilities. Considering these issues, LACC started Radio programme, disseminating the information of services provided by LACC for helpless women. Radio Nepal, localFM stations from various districts broadcasts radio programmes on women and child issues. The radio airs panel of discussions, case studies, views from guest speakers, group discussion, and information about the legal provisions related to violence against women and its remedies. Listening to Radio Programme, enormous women who are being deprived from justice or victims visits LACC /WRHP for free legal advice and supports.

Human trafficking is the illegal trade in human beings for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation or forced labor: a modern-day form of slavery. It is the fastest growing criminal industry in the world. The trafficking of girls from Nepal to India for the purpose of prostitution is probably the busiest 'slave traffic' . It is estimated that 7000 to 10000 Nepalese girls are trafficked each year into brothels in India or bonded labor worldwide.

Listeners Clubs:

Part of the programs concept is the independent establishment of listeners clubs all over Nepal to evaluate, give feedback and monitor the importance and impact of the Wakalat program. So far, 5 Clubs (Makwanpur, Sindhuli, Taplejung and two in Lalitpur) have been set up. These clubs receive small prices for taking part in competitions such as best article/letter/poem of the month or best interview given to ensure their participation and feedback. The listeners clubs also frequently ask for and receive LACC publications on trafficking.

Listeners Voices

Keshab Hari Thapa:

“I am a regular listener. The program is successful because it is informative, effective and provides public awareness. Wakalat has enhanced Radio Nepal’s standard. There is no doubt that it played a vital role in reducing women’s trafficking, rehabilitation of victims and the coordination amongst people engaged in this field”.

Laxmi  Khatiwada: (Nawa Jagaran Yuwa Wakalat radio listeners club, Taplejung)

“I loved Wakalat from the beginning. I and my friends in the village never miss it. We believe it is effective and trust worthy and spreads awareness about women’s trafficking, especially in the remote areas where mostly uneducated people live. We are thankful to LACC for producing such an impressive and significant program”





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